New plant materials should be watered as follows



Every other day
Every third day
Twice a week
Once per week or as necessary

The above is an approximation. A “good” rain fall should be considered one watering. however, short rains (thunderstorms) are not sufficient enough to substitute for a good watering. Inserting a finger into the plant’s root ball is the best test in determining the amount of water that is available to the root system. Pinch a small amount of soil between your thumb and forefinger. release it. If the soil crumbles away, it is too dry. If the soil holds together, it is acceptable. If it feels mushy or soggy, it is too wet.
    Use a hose with a breaker nozzle or break the stream with your thumb. Do not use a pistol grip or similar spray nozzle. Place the hose at the base of the plant. Water thoroughly for small plants approximately 2-3 minutes and 5-10 minutes for larger plants. This will allow the water to soak deeply into the soil. Water large areas with a sprinkler. One inch of water is sufficient to soak the ground to a depth of 6 inches. To measure, place an empty coffee can in the area and water until one inch is collected in the can.

A good soaking
is better then several light sprinklings.

Containerized plants need more water than balled or burlapped plant material. The above schedule is for newly installed containerized plants. Bailed and burlap material may need less water.
    New sod should be watered daily for approximately 30 minutes to one hour with a oscillating sprinkler for the first week. After that, it should be watered three times a week until the first mowing then apply one inch of water per week.
    New grass seed should be watered daily for 15-20 minutes until the seed is one inch long then water three times a week for one hour with an oscillating sprinkler until the first mowing. After the first mowing, apply one inch of water per week.


New plant material should be fertilized monthly with 10-10-10 fertilizer from April through July. Discontinue fertilizing during the summer and fall months. Apply one application of fertilizer in late December.
    New sod should be fertilized in late September, October, and November with 10-10-10 fertilizer at the rate of 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet.
    New grass seed should be fertilized in late September, October, and November with 10-10-10 fertilizer at the rate of 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet.

Insect and Disease Control

Diagnosing insect and diseases can be very tricky. If you notice anything unusual, please call Evergro at 301-464-5005 or Maryland Extension’s Home and Garden Center at 800-342-2507.

Rose Maintenance

Prune roses to thirty inches (30") in November nd to twenty (20") by March first. Climbers should not be pruned to twenty-four (24"). Prune climbers after bloom and remove old canes when new long arching young canes can replace them.   
   Cut rose blooms before they mature to encourage new blossoms. Prune to 2 sets of 5 or more leaflet and prune above beds that face outward.
   Fertilize in late April with Osmocote 6 month time released fertilizer.
   At signs of Black Spot remove all diseased leaves and throw away. Spray with Ortho Rose Spray.
   Prepare new planting beds with cow manure and correct soil ph as needed with dolomitic lime.  Double dig bed to 18" depth.

Sod Maintenance

Maintenance During the Rooting Period:

Keep the sod and ground below (3-4 inches below the surface) damp for at least the first two weeks.  Subsequently, continue to water on the regular basis.  Blue grass and tall Fescue need one inch of moisture per week year round to prosper.  Once your grass is established, you are much better off saturating the grass once a week rather than sprinkling several times a week.
   Sometime during the rooting period, the sod will need to be mowed.  Never remove more than 1/3 of the blade at one time and never allow grass to be cut shorter than 2 inches..
  The following are general solutions to common lawn care problems:

Fertilizer: Apply 1lb of Active ingredients per 1,000 square feet in September, October and November or February.  Best if applied on the basis of a soil test.

Lime: In the Absence of a soil test, use 50lbs of ground limestone per 1,000 square feet at any time of the year, but fall is best.  Most soils need lime every 3 to 5 years.

Cut 2 to 2-1/2 inches.  Proper mowing discourages weeds and diseases.

Only as absolutely necessary at a rate of 1 inch per application per week.  Use cans to measure and be sure to overlap areas as sprinklers are moved to provide full coverage.  Do not apply small amounts on an established lawn.

Pre-emergents applied in Spring before weeds germinate or spot treatment with herbicide.  A healthy vigorous lawn is the best wed control.

Grubs, Sod Webworms and Chinchbugs: Insecticide applied as package directs.

Leaf spot, Dollar spot and Fusarium:
Fungicide applied as package directs.  Apply only if diseases are causing severe damage.


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